(CNN) – Hurricane Irma hit northern Cuba during its long, destructive march toward Florida, where it’s expected to hammer the state with whistling winds, heavy rain and surging waves.
Florida authorities went door-to-door warning residents of the massive hurricane, sending crowds jamming highways as they fled north.
The powerful Category 5 storm had maximum sustained winds of 160 mph when it made landfall on Cuba’s Camaguey Archipelago, the National Hurricane Center said late Friday.
It also hit neighboring Ciego de Avila province, with gusts so strong it destroyed the instrument used to measure wind, Cuba’s meteorological agency reported.
Waves up to 23-feet high were recorded, and as the storm moves westward, the possibility of even bigger waves and flooding are high along the northern Cuban coast including in Havana, the agency said.
Many people evacuated towns in both provinces in the past couple days, but as conditions deteriorate, those who stayed there have no other option now than to stay put.
Millions urged to evacuate
Irma edged closer to South Florida after killing 24 people in the Caribbean this week, and strengthened to a Category 5 storm in Cuba. Hours earlier on Friday, it was a Category 4.
Irma is expected to be near the Florida Keys and South Florida by early Sunday, and many residents there have moved inland. About 5.6 million people in the state have been ordered to evacuate, Gov. Rick Scott said.
Florida officials sent dire warnings imploring residents on the path of the storm to evacuate.
“If you have been ordered to evacuate, leave now. Not tonight, not in an hour, now,” Scott said on Friday night. Staying in homes could subject residents to storm surge as high as 12 feet, the governor added.
“This is as real as it gets, nowhere in the Florida Keys will be safe … you still have time to evacuate,” he tweeted.
Here are the latest developments:
— Irma’s center was about 275 miles southeast of Miami on Saturday morning.
— It appears Miami will avoid a direct hit but will still get pounded by strong winds, storm surge and heavy rains.
— Irma’s center will move near the north coast of Cuba on Saturday, near the Florida Keys on Sunday morning, and near the southwest coast of Florida on Sunday afternoon, the National Weather Service said.
— Before Irma hit Cuba, it had slammed the Turks and Caicos, and southeastern Bahamas.
— The Red Cross said as many as 26 million people could be exposed to destructive winds and torrential rain just in the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Cuba. It said 1.2 million people have been battered by the storm.
— At its peak, a then-Category 5 Irma sustained maximum wind speeds of at least 185 mph for longer (37 hours) than any storm on record.
- Of the 24 deaths blamed on Irma, nine were in unspecified French territories, one on Barbuda, one at the British overseas territory of Anguilla, two in Dutch-administered St. Maarten, four in the British Virgin Islands, four on the US Virgin Islands, and three in Puerto Rico.
— Hurricane warnings are in effect for parts of central Cuba, and the southeastern, central and northwestern Bahamas. Hurricane warnings also are in effect from Sebastian Inlet on the east coast, southward around the Florida Peninsula to Anna Maria Island on the Panhandle. The warning includes the Keys, Lake Okeechobee and Florida Bay.
Tracking Hurricane Irma’s path
— Irma could overwhelm parts of the Bahamas, a nation of about 390,000, with storm surges of up to 20 feet — well above the islands’ elevation, CNN meteorologist Chad Myers said.
— Irma brought heavy rain and powerful winds to the low-lying Turks and Caicos Islands. The capital island of Grand Turk suffered “quite a bit of damage,” including to part of a hospital’s roof, Gov. John Freeman told CNN.
Nervous Florida waits
US and European forecast models predicted the eye could strike the Florida Keys and then the Everglades, west of Miami, on Saturday night into Sunday morning.
“It’s not a question of whether Florida is going to be impacted — it’s a question of how bad Florida is going to be impacted,” Federal Emergency Management Agency Administrator Brock Long said.
Florida is not the only state preparing for possible impact. FEMA said Alabama and North Carolina should watch the storm.
South Carolina Gov. Henry McMaster issued a mandatory evacuation for Saturday for some barrier islands while Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal expanded the state of emergency to include a total of 94 counties.
After Irma, Hurricane Jose looms
The Caribbean islands pummeled by Irma are assessing the damage. Shredded buildings, battered cars and streets submerged in water are a common sight. The hard-hit islands of Barbuda and St. Martin are wearily preparing for Hurricane Jose, which could hit there over the weekend.
Top: Damage from Hurricane Irma is seen in Orient Bay, on the Caribbean island of St. Martin, on September 7. Photo: CNN
First inset: A damaged home is tilted onto its side on the Puerto Rican island of Culebra on Thursday, September 7. Photo: CNN
Second inset: People settle into a shelter in Miami on Friday. Photo: CNN
Third inset: A woman makes her way through debris in Fajardo, Puerto Rico, on September 7. Photo: CNN
SOURCE: CNN written by Faith Karimi and Steve Almasy with Joe Sutton, Jason Hanna, Madison Park, Joseph Netto, Alba Prifti, Marilia Brocchetto, Rosa Flores and Paul Murphy contributing to this report.